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General

Quality Improvement in Health Care (QIH) will give to contribute to the improvement of the quality of care by facilitating the academic knowledge exchange for continuous quality management and patient safety in healthcare . This is an official journal published by Korean Society for Quality in Health Care.

Manuscripts types include Original Articles, Reviews, Case Reports, Editorial, and Letter to the Editor. Other types of manuscripts will be considered subject to review by the editorial board. The journal is issued twice per year on the last day of the June and December.

Ethical guidelines for research and publication

All work must conform to the ethical guidelines specified on Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals (http://www.icmje.org/) issued by the International Committee for Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE). Our guidelines should be read in conjunction with this broader guidance.

In general, manuscripts containing content that was previously published in other journals will not be considered. Manuscripts may not be submitted simultaneously to any other journal. However, in cases in which manuscripts are to be submitted to other journals whose primary language and readership are different from those of the current journal, a duplicate publication might be permitted by both parties, together with suitable disclosure. This is permitted in cases which fulfill the criteria specified in Annals of Internal Medicine (Ann Intern Med 1997;126:36-47).

With regard to all matters associated with research ethics, such as ethical guidelines and plagiarism/duplicate publication/scientific misconduct, the review and processing procedures are based on ‘Good Publication Practice Guidelines for Medical Journals’ (http://kamje.or.kr/publishing_ethics.html) and ‘Guidelines on Good Publication’ (http://www.publicationethics.org.uk/guidelines).

Disclosure of conflict of interest

Financial and material support should be disclosed in the acknowledgements. Any outside financial support associated with the study, including stocks or consultation fees, should be disclosed on the transfer of copyright form. This form must be signed by all the authors.

Submission of manuscripts

All cover letters, checklists, manuscripts, figures and tables should be submitted through the on-line submission system (https://acoms1.kisti.re.kr/kosqa) of Korean Society for Quality in Health Care (www.kosqua.net). In general, manuscripts should be submitted by the corresponding author, but submission by co-authors can be permitted. The cover letter should state that the manuscript contains the authors’ original work. If full or partial results described in this manuscript were previously published or reported in other journals or reports, then the authors should disclose this and provide details.
Following acceptance for publication, a copyright transfer agreement should be submitted, via mail or email, to:

- Korean Society for Quality in Health Care
- #202-1, 71 Ihwajang-gil, Jongno-gu, Seoul, 03087 Korea
- email: kosqua1994@daum.net

Review process

All manuscripts submitted are reviewed and edited through the on-line submission system (https://acoms1.kisti.re.kr/kosqa) of Korean Society for Quality in Health Care (www.kosqua.net). Submission and reviewing instructions, troubleshooting and questions regarding the review process and related matters can be found on the on-line system.

Submitted manuscripts are reviewed by three members of the editorial board and outside specialists in the relevant fields. If the editorial board determines that a manuscript is suitable for publication, it recommends appropriate revisions and corrections to the authors. Once the authors have completed the revisions, the manuscript should be resubmitted together with a detailed letter addressing the editors’ and reviewers’ recommendations.

In some cases, it might be necessary to revise the style or format of a manuscript to conform to publication policy, without substantially altering the original content. Any manuscripts that do not meet the criteria of the journal may be rejected.

All decisions on publication and publication order are made by the editorial board.
During a review process, unless specific reasons are provided, failure to resubmit a revised manuscript within 90 days will be considered an abandoned publication and the review process will be concluded. Once the proof is completed and authors are asked for final revisions, these should be submitted within a week.

Principles of manuscript preparation

· Formatting
Manuscripts should be prepared using Microsoft Word (.doc, .docx) or Arae-Ah Hangul (.hwp). The required formatting is as follows: A4-size paper, size 12 font, double-spacing, and 3 cm margins. Page numbers should appear at the bottom center of each page, including the title page.
The total number of pages should not exceed 30 for Original Articles and 20 pages for Case Reports. Letters to the Editor should not exceed 2 pages.
Manuscripts should be arranged as Title, Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgements, References, Figures and Tables. Each section should commence on a new page. Once the proof is completed and authors are asked for final revisions, these should be submitted within a week.
· Language
Manuscripts should be submitted in Korean or English.
Acronyms should be avoided where possible. Where a complex or cumbersome term or phrase is repeatedly used, however, it should be abbreviated, preferably using standard abbreviations. The abbreviation should be appear in parentheses following the first use of the term or phrase and can then be used in the remainder of the text.
Human names, regional names and other proper nouns should be used in their original form. Arabic numerals should be used. Laboratory measurements should be expressed in SI (Standard International) units. Depending on the recommendations of the editorial board, non-SI units may be used in parentheses. A single space is usually required between the numeral and the unit; no space is inserted for % and ℃.
· Title page
The manuscript type (Original Article, Review, Case Report, or Letter to the Editor) should be stated on the title page.
The English title should be no longer than 20 words.
The title page should provide the title, author names and current affiliations and running title. Each name should be followed by a comma and the author’s most advanced degree. Affiliations should include the name of the academic institution or organization and the name of the clinical department. In cases in which author affiliations differ, the institution where the main body of research was performed should appear first, followed by the other institutions.
Superscripted Arabic numerals beside the author names, without parentheses, should refer to the list of affiliations.
Details for the corresponding author (name, address, phone number, fax number and e-mail) should be provided.
A running title, containing a maximum of 10 English words, should be provided near the bottom of the title page Details of any stocks or consulting fees that could be associated with a conflict of interest relating to the current research should be specified at the bottom of the title page.
· Abstract
For Original Articles, a structured abstract of up to 250 English words should be provided, containing categories such as Objectives, Methods, Results and Conclusion. The objectives, observations and main results should be provided. For Case Reports, the Abstract should contain a maximum of 150 English words, with no subsections. Letters to the Editor and Editorials do not require abstracts. All other manuscripts should include an Abstract.
· Keywords
Three to ten keywords, reflecting the contents of the manuscript, should be included.
Authors should use MeSH (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/mesh) terms from Index Medicus.
The first character of each word should be in upper case.
· Introduction
Relevant background information should be briefly set out and the objectives of the study should be clearly and concisely stated.
Materials and Methods
This section should be detailed, and should be presented in a structured format, including study plan, materials and methods used. Statistical methods used for data analysis should be provided.
For equipment and reagents, the manufacturer, city and country should be provided in parentheses.
· Results
A detailed description of the study results should be arranged in a logical manner. In the case of experimental studies, the bulk of the data should be presented in figures and tables. The contents of figures and tables should not be repeated in the main text.
However, the main findings should be presented in the main text, with emphasis on the important trends, statistical significance and key points.
· Discussion
The significance and implications of novel and important findings should be clearly and concisely presented, without unnecessary duplication of results. Based on this argument, plausible hypotheses could be proposed if warranted.
Conclusions should refer to the study objectives.
· Acknowledgements
Co-workers and others who contributed significantly to the current study, but were not co-authors, should be mentioned in the acknowledgements. All sources of financial and other support should also be stated.
· References
The number of references should not exceed 30 for Original Articles and Reviews, or 15 for Case Reports.
References should be ordered according to order of appearance in the text, using Vancouver style. Journal abbreviations should follow Index Medicus. Unpublished data should preferably not be cited. Where this is unavoidable, however, the source should be placed in parentheses in the main text and such expressions as “personal opinion exchange” or “unpublished data” should be used.
The citation superscript style is as follows: Lee1 is --. -- 2,3-5. -- does1,2,
Style for reference list:
  • 1) Journal citations
    Huang DT, Clermont G, Kong L, Weissfeld LA, Sexton JB, Rowan KM et al. Intensive care unit safety culture and outcomes: a US multicenter study. Int J Qual Health Care 2010;22:151-61.
    All co-authors should be listed unless there are more than seven authors, in which case the first six are listed, followed by “et al.".
  • 2) Whole books
    Hyung CJ, Gang CJ. Healthcare Measurement Scales. 2nd ed. Seoul, Korea: Korea Academies Press, 2014.
  • 3) Book chapters
    Harper ML, Helmreich RL. Identifying barriers to the success of a reporting system. In: Henriksen K, Battles JB, Marks ES, Lewis DI. Advances in patient safety: from research to implementation. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, 2005.
  • 4) Other types of literature should be formatted as indicated in the article
    “International Committee of Medical Journal Editors Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals: Sample References (http://www.nlm.nih.gov/bsd/uniform_requirements.html)”.
· Tables
Tables should be concise. Use horizontal lines only. Number tables in the order in which they are mentioned in the main text, and refer to them in the text as follows:

--- is represented (Table 1). Table 2 represents ---
Place the title above the table, using sentence case. Below each table, provide a key to abbreviations and additional explanations if needed. Table footnotes should use these symbols: *, †, ‡, §,∥, ¶, **, †† and ‡‡.

QI : quality improvement
ICU: intensive care unit;
NS: not significant.
*p<0.001. †p<0.05.

Tables and legends should provide enough detail that the study data can be understood without reference to the main text.
Previously published tables may not be used again without proper copyright.
· Figures
Figures include graphs, line drawings and photographs. All figures in a PowerPoint (.ppt) format should be submitted separately from the main manuscript. Images should be clear, with resolution exceeding 300 dpi. Each figure should be accompanied by a number. It should be possible for readers to understand the figures without reference to the text. Number the figures in the order in which they are mentioned in the main text, and refer to them in the text as follows:

--- is shown (Figure 1). Figure 2 shows ---
If any images were not generated by the authors, this should be stated and the source provided.

The magnification ratios should not be written for the photos taken via light microscopy. However, the magnification ratios and the names of the special staining methods, and the magnification ratios of the photomicrographs of electron microscopy should be briefly noted.
· Other
Copyright of published manuscripts is owned by Quality Improvement in Health Care. If excerpts from other copyrighted works are included, the author(s) must obtain written permission from the copyright owners and credit the source(s) in the article. Please contact Korean Society for Quality in Healthcare for the appropriate forms in these cases.
Publication fees are payable to Korean Society for Quality in Health Care. QIH does not provide authors with free reprints, but there are available for purchase. When additional copies are required, the number should be specified on the title page of the manuscript.
Where manuscripts exceed the recommended length, a reduction in length may be required, or authors may be required to pay extra page charges. If specialized printing methods or paper types are needed, the additional costs will be charged to the authors.
· Contact information
- Korean Society for Quality in Health Care
  #202-1, 71 Ihwajang-gil, Jongno-gu, Seoul, 03087 Korea
- Phone : +82-2-3668-7381
- E-mail : kosqua1994@daum.net
- Website : www.kosqua.net

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